Альманах Института коррекционной педагогики - Almanac #18
ALMANAC Institute of Special Education

Infantile Autism: the Ways of Understanding and Assistance

Infantile Autism: the Ways of Understanding and Assistance

Development of clinical psychological concept of infantile autism

O.S. Nikolskaya
In the review there are given briefly the main marks of development of clinical and psychological investigations of infantile autism since the middle of 20th century. Some paragraphs of the review are devoted to the developmental causes, age dynamics and prediction of the development, difficulties of the differential diagnosis of autistic disorders.
Read article   Keywordsinfantile autism, autistic spectrum disorders, communication disorder, psychical development disorder, biological deficiency, polymorphous manifestation

The features of psychical development of children with autism

O.S. Nikolskaya, M.Y. Vedenina
The article describes disorders of different sides of psychical development in autism, which have been presented in the researches in the last 50 years. There are noted basal energy insufficiency, activity disorders and extraordinary sensitivity of autistic children to the environment al irritants. Disorders in the cognitive sphere and in the social development, regulatory dysfunctions in autism, their relations with basal deficiency are analysed in detail.
Read article   Keywordspervasive developmental disorder, basal energy insufficiency, activity regulation, instinctive behavior, difficulties of information organization

The structure of psychical development in infantile autism

O.S. Nikolskaya
The holistic picture of psychical development disorder of a child with autism is considered in the article, indissolubility of development difficulties and sides of psychics are emphasized. The emphasis made on the simplified and incorrect idea about “reduced needs in communication” of a child with autism. Systematic disorder of psychic development is connected with profound distortion of sense interrelations with the environment.
Read article   Keywordspsychical development aberration, disadaptation, lowering of discomfort threshold, activity decrease, autostimulation, cognitive deficiency

Psychological classification of infantile autism

O.S. Nikolskaya
The article grounds the division of children with autism into four groups depending on behavior models which differ in their system characteristics. The groups of autism are described in detail including profound autism and low functioning autism.
Read article   Keywordstype of autism, estrangement, negativism, absorbed in stereotype interests, vulnerability in contacts

Fears of the children with autism. Part 1

E.R. Baenskaya, I.E. Guseva / Source: Upbringing and education of children with disabilities.-2013.-№7.
The article analyses the specificity of the origin of fears and their fixation in children with disorders of autistic spectrum in comparison with normally developing children. Theу are described in accordance with the culture the ways of overcoming of frightening impressions in children of the early age in case of normal affective development. There are presented at length the fears features in the early age children of the four groups of the autistic development, according to Nikolskaya classification. The article bases the ways of fears softening as a part of the integral system of special impacts directed at the autistic child interaction with the environment, increasing of his activity and stamina in contacting with the world.
Read article   Keywordsfears, frightening impressions, discomfort, anxiety, psychical tone, fears overcoming

Fears of the children with autism. Part 2

E.R. Baenskaya, M.M. Libling, I.E. Guseva
The article analyses the specificity of the origin of fears and their fixation in children with disorders of autistic spectrum in comparison with normally developing children. Theу are described in accordance with the culture the ways of overcoming of frightening impressions in children of the early age in case of normal affective development. There are presented at length the fears features in the early age children of the four groups of the autistic development, according to Nikolskaya classification. The article bases the ways of fears softening as a part of the integral system of special impacts directed at the autistic child interaction with the environment, increasing of his activity and stamina in contacting with the world.
Read article   Keywordsfears, frightening impressions, discomfort, anxiety, psychical tone, fears overcoming