Альманах Института коррекционной педагогики - Almanac #21
ALMANAC Institute of Special Education

Cochlear implantation: coordination of medical specialists and teachers of the deaf

Cochlear implantation: coordination of  medical specialists and teachers of the deaf
The presented Almanac issue 21 consists of works devoted to the medical, pedagogical and psychological aspects of cochlear implantation (CI). The aim of their join is to present the most actual theme in its completeness, to persuade the readership that at least in this case the new medicine opportunities change radically the purposes of special psychological and pedagogical work as well. There is shown that perspectives set in medicine can’t be realized without development of the new specialists approach, without statement of new targets in the family upbringing of an implanted child.

The parents’ choice while making the decision about cochlear implant

N.N. Malofeev
While cochlear implantation for children with hearing disorders is continuing to increase, it demands modernization of practice of teaching the deaf and special enlightening work with the parents. As the author believes, the effectiveness of cochlear implantation depends on the quality of the teachers of the deaf accompaniment of the implanted child and on the character of speech interaction with intimate adults.
Read article   KeywordsCI, cochlear implantation, convention on the rights of the disabled, support of the deaf, self-sufficient cultural and linguistic minority of the deaf

The modern achievements of cochlear implantation. Medical achievements

G.A. Tavarkiladze
Cochlear implants (CI) represent biomedical electronic deviceы, which provide sound transformation into electric impulses with the aim of creation of the hearing sense by means of direct stimulation of the survived auditory nerve fibers.
Read article   KeywordsCI, cochlear implantation, audiology, biomedical electronic devices, hearing system, electric stimulation of the auditory nerve, binaural implantation.

Candidates selection for implantation: the teacher of the deaf investment

E.V. Mironova, A.I. Sataeva
The patients selection starts from the examination, when the indications for the cochlear implantation are detected. At the same time medical, psychological and pedagogical aspects should be taken into account. Therefore the diagnostics is carried out with participation of specialists in different fields, the each of them has his own strictly specified role.
Read article   Keywordscochlear implant, cochlear implantation, support of deaf children, pedagogy ща еру deaf, interaction of a parent and a child

Teacher of the deaf accompaniment of a child and his family during the period of preparation for surgery and hospital stay

N.D. Shmatko
It may take a much time enough since the moment of taking the positive decision to the surgery. We emphasize, that waiting time mustn’t be lost for the child’s development. Therefore the special pedagogical work is necessary with the child and with the family as well.
Read article   KeywordsCI, cochlear implantation, teacher of the deaf tasks, senso-neural deafness, hearing prosthesis, special work of the teacher of the deaf

The initial stage of rehabilitation –the key role of the pedagogue

A.I. Sataeva
As soon as the child gets physical possibility of hearing because of the operation , he isn’t able to use the new possibilities right away. Therefore a new task appears- to induce and teach him to use them.
Read article   KeywordsCI, cochlear implantation, communication, interaction of a parent and a child, index of the successful rehabilitation

Normal early ontogenesis as a reference point for the teacher of the deaf at the initial stage of rehabilitation of a child with a cochlear implant

O.I. Kukushkina, M.R. Khaidarpashich, A.I. Sataeva
The meaning of cochlear implantation and the further rehabilitation the teachers of the deaf of the domestic scientific school see in the child’s conversion to the natural way of development.
Read article   KeywordsCI, cochlear implantation, development of hearing function, normal hearing ontogenesis, interaction, emotional development, emotional dialogue

Selection of the educational environment appropriate for the new possibilities of a child and his further accompaniment

E.L. Goncharova, O.I. Kukushkina
Selection of the further educational route for the implanted children, who has successfully completed the initial period of rehabilitation and got into the way of natural development of communication, - is a difficult and crucial task for the teacher of the deaf and the family. The main reference points for its solution are included in approaching of the child’s development to the age norm, as well as understanding of the prospects of further approaching of the child to the norm in different educational conditions.
Read article   Keywordscochlear implantation, educational route, rehabilitation of the child with CI, development variants, special work, age norm, groups of children with CI

The teacher of the deaf aims at the different rehabilitation stages.

O.I. Kukushkina, E.L. Goncharova
After the consecutive study of the rehabilitation stages of children with cochlear implants we showed that the each of them needs a teacher of the deaf. From stage to stage the tasks, he needs to solve, are changing.
Read article   KeywordsCochlear implantation, rehabilitation of the child with CI, psycho-pedagogical assessment of a child with CI, development variants, the teacher of the deaf tasks, psychological adaptation, selection of the educational environment, pedagogical accompaniment.

Status change of a child with a cochlear implant at the different rehabilitation stages

E.L. Goncharova, O.I. Kukushkina
Before the moment of the speech processor connection the teacher of the deaf deals with children with severe hearing disorders, whose status is determined and known. A child can be characterized as a deaf, hearing impaired with severe hearing loss, as a one, who became deaf (who has kept speech or who is being losing it), as a deaf child with complex disorders. Before the moment of the speech processor connection the existing customary classification is sufficient for successful work of the teacher of the deaf. They are used as the reference points for formation of the great necessity differentiated approach to teaching. At the current stage traditional professional competencies are sufficient for the specialist.
Read article   KeywordsCI, cochlear implantation, speech processor connection, pedagogy of the deaf, communication reconstruction, interaction of a child with parents, teacher of the deaf tasks.

The modern literature search tool for the different stages of rehabilitation of the child with cochlear implant

I.I. Kukushkin
In consequence of that the child’s status during the cochlear implantation operation and the following rehabilitation is being changed, parents and specialists need different reference points and varied professional literature at the different stages of work.
Read article   Keywordselectronic library, special psychology, special pedagogy, defectology, professionally orientated search, literature concerning CI, cochlear implantation