Альманах Института коррекционной педагогики - Almanac #4
ALMANAC Institute of Special Education

The early age

The early age

Methodological Recommendations to Psycho-pedagogical Examination of Children (2-3 year old): Early Diagnosing of Mental Development.

E.A. Strebeleva
In the article there is described at length a psycho-pedagogical examination of early age children: the goals, methods of carrying out, quantitative and qualitative assessment. The diagnostics data are analysed, there are defined the main areas of special correctional support of children depending on the scored points in the course of examination.
Read article   Keywordsearly age, mental development, examination, mental aberration

Pedagogical Detection of Children Suspected of Having Hearing Impairment (from Pedagogical Methods for Detecting Children Suspected of Having Hearing Impairment / Infancy, Early, Preschool and School Age)

N.D. Shmatko, T.V. Pelymskaya, E.V. Mironova / Source:
Pedagogical methods for examining hearing of 2 - 3 years old children are described. It is shown that choice of the method depends on speech development level of the child. It is suggested to examine hearing of the child, who understands speech, through performing simple tasks by him/her which are said from distance of 6 m. For children, who do not understand speech, the methods based on registration of unconditioned orientation responses to a sound and on development of unconditioned motor response to a sound are suggested.
Read article   Keywordsspeech, unconditioned orientation responses to a sound with confirmation, conditioned motor response to a sound, sounding toys

Logopedic Examination

J.A. Razenkova / Source: Orphan Children: Consultation and Diagnostics of Development / edited by E.A.Strebeleva - M.: Poligraf-servis, 1998.
The article describes general approaches to carrying out logopedic examination of 2 - 3 years old children. The suggested method is based on systematic speech development scheme developed by N.S. Zhukova based on A.N.Gvozdeva's works and K.L. Pechora's and G.V.Paniuhina's materials on diagnostics of neuro-psychical development of 2 - 3 years old children.
Read article   Keywordslogopedic examination, early help, speech understanding, active speech, phonematic hearing, prespeech and speech development of child, 2 - 3 year old child

Logopedic examination scheme for 2 - 3 years old children

J.A. Razenkova / Source: Orphan Children: Consultation and Diagnostics of Development / edited by E.A.Strebeleva - M.: Poligraf-servis, 1998. p. 212-223.
This article represents structured logopedic examination scheme for 2 - 3 years old children based on analysis of early prespeech development of the child and specificities of his/her psychomotor development. The scheme contains assessment of structure and functioning of articulation organs and analysis of speech understanding development and active speech development level of the child.
Read article   Keywordsearly support, logopedic examination, speech understanding, 2 - 3 years old child

Variants of the Speech Therapist Assessment

J.A. Razenkova / Source: Orphan Children: Consultation and Diagnostics of Development / edited by E.A.Strebeleva - M.: Poligraf-servis, 1998.
The article materials include an outline of logopedics examination of a two year old child and possible variants of the speech therapist assessment defining normal development process of a child, advanced development and retarded development.
Read article   Keywordsearly support, speech understanding, logopedics examination, a two-three year old child, outline of logopedics examination, speech therapist assessment

Methods of Pedagogical Examination of Hearing in Children with Hearing Loss of the First Year of Life

N.D. Shmatko, T.V. Pelymskaya
The article describes pedagogical methods for hearing examining of children of the first year of life suspected of having hearing impairment, the methods are based on registration of unconditioned orientation responses. As sound stimuli there are suggested high-, medium- and low-frequency sounding toys, voice of conversational and intensive loudness, whispering and modulate audiometer signal as well. The suggested methods allow detecting 4 levels of hearing loss: hearing within the age norm, hearing impairment, profound hearing impairment, deafness.
Read article   Keywordsdeafness, hearing within the age norm, speech, sounding toys, unconditioned orientation responses to a sound, age features, hearing impairment, modulate audiometer signal

Complex Pedagogical Examination of Small Hearing-impaired Children

T.V. Nikolaeva
The author's approach to carrying out complex psychological-and-pedagogical examination of preschool hearing-impaired child in the key development areas is presented in the article. Examination process for each development area is described. Examples of filling in examination reports are given.
Read article   Keywords3 year old hearing-impaired child, main lines of development, social, cognitive, physical development, subject-and-play activity, speech state, pedagogical examination of hearing, report, assessment of development level

Psychological Approach to Study of Adaptation of Early Age Children (Early Pre-school Age)

E.I. Morozova
The article introduces an experimental research of psychological aspects of adaptation of early age children to social upbringing forms (children with normal development and with psychological disturbance as well). There are described in detail three series of experimental situations worked out by the author and a system of mark assessment of an early age child behavior during the adaptation period to the day nursery institution.
Read article   Keywordsearly age, adaptation possibilities, emotional background, neuro-psychical organization, cognitive activity