The urgency of the earliest possible start of rehabilitation of children with identified disabilities is shown. The situation with early rehabilitation in Russia is correlated with the situation in Western civilization, it is related to the current stage of society attitude towards people with disabilities and to the international documents approved in our country. A brief survey of researches conducted by the Institute of Special Education on early detection of disabilities and early special corrective actions is also given.
Approaches to Creation of Integrated System of Early Detection and Correction of Aberrations of Children DevelopmentThe paper briefly describes the system of measures for the early detection of disorders of sensory systems, particularly hearing loss; four blocks which should be included into an effective system of early detection and correction of aberrations of development are identified.
The article presents a model of a complex system of early detection and early correction of aberrations of development. This system should include maternity homes, children's polyclinics, specialized institutions, including special kindergartens.
Features of Early Mental Development of Preterm Infants with Critically Low Birth Weight and Perinatal CNS DamageThe paper presents investigation data covering a group of preterm infants at the age from 2 months up to a year and dedicated to the diagnostics of intellectual and motor development levels in dynamics.
The article is devoted to the neurological study of disturbed blood circulation in the CNS of babies. The data of echoencephalography examination of infants group are given.
Formation of Auditory Perception Mechanisms of the Early Age Children in Health and with Hearing ImpairmentThe paper presents the study data of auditory perception of children of the early age in health and with hearing disorders. Objective methods of hearing testing are used.
The paper describes pedagogical methods of hearing testing of the early age children. It’s shown that the method of testing which allows detection of three levels of hearing loss: impairment, profound impairment and deafness, depends on the age of children.
The article focuses on psychophysiology of visual perception of children from 1 to 12 months old in health and deprivation of object vision. Impacts of early visual deprivation due to cataract, strabismus or refractive error are analyzed.
The article presents a series of diagnostic tasks for identifying intellectual disorders in children of the early age. After examination of 200 children of the third year of life, according to the results of the procedure four groups of children were identified depending on success and ways the tasks were accomplished.
The article shows the importance of early detection of disorders in development of speech activity in children with intact intellectual premises and normal hearing; the results of research on the investigation of early speech development of children and working out of guidelines in Moscow nurseries are given.
The article shows importance of the emotional well-being assessment of an early age child. It lists a wide range of difficulties of emotional development that are correlated with the concepts of available level of the child’s affective adaptation and his “emotional age”.