Almanac authors

Karabanova O.A.

6 articles 6 articles
Articles co-authors
Goncharova E.L.
Kukushkina O.I.
Nikolskaya O.S.

On the child's side. Journey to the Land of Childhood

Karabanova O.A.
The purpose of the article is to analyze the scientific heritage of E.O. Smirnova, in whose works an original theory for the development Adult-Child and Child-Peer communications in early and preschool age in a convergent environment was created. The unity of the genesis of will and managing self behavior as the basis for the formation of independence and self-determination of the individual is substantiated. The position on the role of joint activity between an adult and a child is substantiated as a condition for the child’s simultaneous appropriation of motives and cultural methods of action, ensuring the meaningfulness and awareness of the child’s activities. The content and structure of the parental relationship, including the objective and personal principles, is revealed, and an empirical typology of styles of parental behavior is proposed. The trend of transformation of the plot game is highlighted on the basis of a comparative analysis of the game of cohorts of modern preschoolers and cohorts of the 40-50s. The characteristics of the children's subculture, reflecting the crisis of childhood, are highlighted, special attention is paid to the trends in the transformation of toys and the role of cartoons and computer games in the convergent environment of development. Criteria for expert evaluation of toys and cartoons have been developed. Requirements for computer games are formulated, reflecting the social demand for the creation of content for a developing, safe information environment.

Development of the age-psychological approachin modern psychology

Karabanova O.A.
The author analyses main tendencies in development of the age-psychological approach, based on Vygotsky's doctrine of structure and dynamics of psychological age. Tendencies defined: declaration of sociocultural nature of childhood and crisis character of child's development in modern society; modification of the conception of the object of development; transition from exploration of universal developmental patterns to investigation of individual cases; transition fromassessment of psychological development to deliberate social construction of childhood. The author describes features of social situation of development of a child in modern society and tendencies of development of childhood. Also, the author defines issues caused by the new conception of the object of development and admission of influence of communication and activity on child's development.

Developmental of preschool education for children with special needs: goal references, strategical lines and expected outcomes

Karabanova O.A., Goncharova E.L., Kukushkina O.I., Nikolskaya O.S.
The article represents goal references in development, education and socialization of children with special needs in 3-5 and 5-7 years old. Evidences for strategical lines of preschool educational system development are given, expected outcomes are described. The key point of preschool education development is designing and implementation of psychological and pedagogical classification of children of all nosology groups, evidences of their special educational needs. Thus, preschool education is changed with new values, concepts, goals, curriculum and understanding of family involvement and family’s special educational needs

Developmental of elementary education for children with special needs: goal references and strategical lines

Karabanova O.A., Goncharova E.L., Kukushkina O.I., Nikolskaya O.S.
The article represents goal references in development, education and socialization of children with special needs in the first years of school education. Special emphasis is made on child’s relationships with caregivers, teachers and peers. Evidences for strategical lines of preschool educational system development are given: new values, concepts and curriculum

Developmental of school education for children with special needs: goal references and strategical lines

Karabanova O.A., Goncharova E.L., Kukushkina O.I., Nikolskaya O.S.
The article represents goal references in development, education and socialization of children with special needs in the school education. Need in different types of school education for children with special needs is emphasized. Evidences for strategical lines in school education development are given.

Psychological support tasks for the family with an ill child

Karabanova O.A.
The purpose of this article is to define the tasks and main directions of psychological support for families with children with special needs and disabilities. A child's illness is considered as an abnormal family crisis, which causes the transformation of the entire family system. Psychological features of the family with an ill child are highlighted: changes in the functional and role structure of the family; the formation of new family boundaries, taking into account long-term stress; violation of emotional interaction and emotional status of the family; distortion of the family’s self-consciousness and deformation of its history, which give rise to family myths; experiencing the loss of control over daily life; uncertainty of life prospects, risks of personal identity loss. The definitions of the main directions and psychological support tasks for the family are determined and based on the following principles: integrity of the family system, identification of the family with a child with special needs and disabilities, specification of the target groups that need early intervention in education, teaching about psychological age and resource models of counseling
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