Directions of psychological assistance to disabled children with kidney disease at the stage of dialysis and after transplantation / Almanac #44 / Archive / Альманах Института коррекционной педагогики
ALMANAC Institute of Special Education
Almanac #44 "Special education of disabled children: development vectors"

Directions of psychological assistance to disabled children with kidney disease at the stage of dialysis and after transplantation

T.V. Sviridova National Medical Research Center for Children's Health. Federal State Autonomous Institution of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow

The article is devoted to the actual socio-psychological characteristics of children and adolescents with chronic kidney disease, who need constant medical monitoring of their health and psychological support to reduce the severity of negative experiences. Based on the analysis of Russian and foreign experience, it is shown that when determining the content of psychological and pedagogical assistance, one should focus not only on the psychological needs of the patient, but also take into account the severity of the condition and the stage of the disease. It reveals the algorithm, effective methods and techniques of psychological and educational work with sick children at different stages of treatment. The foreign experience of interdisciplinary interaction in the process of complex rehabilitation, implemented at the University Hospital of Heidelberg, Germany, is also presented. It is shown that because of the close cooperation of the clinic with educational organizations (kindergartens and schools), it is possible to improve the quality of life of patients, to increase their social activity. Special attention is paid to organizing self-help groups for families of patients undergoing long-term treatment, as well as therapeutic summer camps.

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