Almanac authors

Tavarkiladze G.A.

7 articles 7 articles
Articles co-authors
Alekseeva N.N.
Bakhshinyan V.V.
Chibisova S.S.
Goikhburg M.V.
Kohlmeier B.
Markova T.G.
Tsygankova E.R.
Warzybok A.

Hearing loss and deafness – global problem of the modern health care

Tavarkiladze G.A.
Aim: To discuss recommendations of the World Report on Hearing and World Health Assembly Resolution on prevention of hearing loss and deafness and prioritize the ear and hearing care. Results and Discussion: The results on prevalence of hearing loss and near-term prognosis are analyzed. In accordance with the WHO recommendations it is stressed that all people with hearing loss must have the approach to affordable and effective rehabilitation during the life-span. These approaches include hearing screening and early intervention prevention and management of ear diseases and hearing loss, access to modern hearing technologies, development of the rehabilitation services, improved communication, safe listening and active involvement of the society. Conclusion: The target indicators for the professional society and the national health systems are provided.

The modern achievements of cochlear implantation. Medical achievements

Tavarkiladze G.A.
Cochlear implants (CI) represent biomedical electronic deviceы, which provide sound transformation into electric impulses with the aim of creation of the hearing sense by means of direct stimulation of the survived auditory nerve fibers.

History of cochlear implantation

Tavarkiladze G.A.
Today, cochlear implants are used by more than 8000 patients in our country. You can read in this article about the research and development of scientists from different countries and different fields of science that have made a significant contribution to the overall success of the method of cochlear implantation

The free field speech audiometry in noisy environment in patients after cochlear implantation

Tavarkiladze G.A., Kohlmeier B., Warzybok A., Bakhshinyan V.V., Goikhburg M.V.
Cochlear implantation (CI) is one of the most effective methods of (re)habilitation of patients with profound sensorineural hearing loss and deafness. At present, in the Russian Federation, the number of patients using CI systems has significantly increased. The assessment of hearing and speech rehabilitation outcomes in CI patients is extremely relevant. Despite the technological advances in the CI industry over the past decades the poor speech intelligibility in noisy environments remains the issue. One of the most effective methods for speech intelligibility in noise assessment is speech audiometry in a free sound field using the international phrasal RUMatrix test.

The value of genetic analyses in the rehabilitation prognosis of the hearing impaired child

Tavarkiladze G.A., Tsygankova E.R., Chibisova S.S., Alekseeva N.N., Markova T.G.
Recently the knowledge about genes involved in the processes of sounds perception considerably extended. Confirmation of the hereditary reason of hearing loss in the child without hearing impaired relatives is possible only thanks to genetic analyses. Knowledge of the hereditary course becomes very important not only for identification, but also for rehabilitation of hearing impaired children. The purpose of this article is to present to speech therapists the common forms of hereditary hearing loss, the peculiarities of their identification and prediction of disease severity.

Ethical analysis of the professional activities of audiologists and speech-language therapists

Tavarkiladze G.A., Tsygankova E.R., Chibisova S.S.
Identifying and resolving ethical dilemmas in the work of professionals caring for hearing-impaired children can serve as the basis for preventing occupational stress and burnout and improving the effectiveness of audiological care. Aim of the study: Ethical analysis of the professional activities of audiologists and speech-language therapists. Materials and methods: internet survey of 139 specialists (98 audiologists and 41 speech-language therapists) based on the «effort-reward» model. Results and discussion: the average indicator on the «Effort» scale in the group of audiologists was 5,5 ± 1,8 points, in the group of speech-language therapists – 5.9 ± 1,5 points. The average indicator on the «Reward» scale in the group of audiologists was 7,2 ± 1,9 points, in the group of speech-language therapists – 7,4 ± 2,8 points. Salaries are considered inadequate by 58% of audiologists and 22% of speech-language therapists, 59% of audiologists and 25% of speech-language therapists intend to change their job. The revealed tension is compensated by high respect among patients, management and colleagues. At the same time, the level of professional collegiality is higher among audiologists than among speech-language therapists. Conclusion: the analysis made it possible to identify ethical dilemmas in the work of audiologists and speech-language therapists.

Analysis of ethical approaches to cochlear implantation

Tavarkiladze G.A., Bakhshinyan V.V., Chibisova S.S., Tsygankova E.R.
Identification and resolution of ethical dilemmas in the implementation of cochlear implantation has practical interest for patients and their relatives, medical specialists and teachers. Goal: ethical analysis of different aspects of cochlear implantation according to regulatory documents. Results and discussion: the attitude towards cochlear implantation underwent certain changes in different conditions and time periods that requires a consensus of different parties. Conclusion: ethical support and legislation changed significantly for over a 30-year period of cochlear implantation in Russia and still remain an issue.
    We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. By clicking “Accept”, you consent to the use of ALL the cookies. However you may visit Cookie Settings to provide a controlled consent.