Альманах Института коррекционной педагогики - Almanac #34
ALMANAC Institute of Special Education

Inclusion

Inclusion
Integration of children with special needs into common educational environment becomes more and more topical and debatable. Children with different special needs have already come to public school, but they are not provided yet with proper learning conditions. This issue consists of articles on different aspects of integration: research results and practical experience of inclusive education of children with special needs, psychological aid for adults with special needs in their social integration and adaptation.

Institutionalization towards inclusive education of children with special needs

N.N. Malofeev
Declaration of unlimited rights without proper state resources and society consent leads to substitution of real inclusion with formal placement of a child to a public school and makes his state just worse, not any better. High-quality inclusion requires provision of each child with special needs with proper conditions. The article offers a brief survey of approaches to organization of education of children with special needs in different countries.
Read article   Keywordsinclusion, integration, special education, standards, educational route

Inclusive education of children with mental developmental delay: prerequisites and conditions of realization

N.V. Babkina
The article offers a discussion of the problem of choosing optimum educational route for very heterogeneous category of children mental developmental delay. There are evidence, that the choice of inclusive education should be based on defined child's mental development variant and his educational needs. The author describes the total set of conditions, required for a child with mental developmental delay in the beginning of his inclusive education; aims of psychological support are defined.
Read article   Keywordschildren with mental developmental delay, mental development variant, special educational needs, educational route, inclusive education, psychological support

Differential approach to the assessment of educational achievements in learning adapted basic educational program for elementary general education in pupils with mental developmental delay in inclusive education

A.D. Vilshanskaya
The article represents the experience of one particular educational institution in assessing educational achievements in pupils with mental developmental delay: different variants of tests and examinations, arrangement of «individual student's profile», organization of diagnostic monitoring.
Read article   Keywordsmental developmental delay, monitoring, assessment, diagnostics, differentiation, special educational needs, special education

Inclusive education of children with locomotor apparatus impairment at the elementary school: choice of educational route

A.Ya. Abkovich
The article represents the research results on special educational needs and special conditions design for children with locomotor apparatus impairment at the elementary school (inclusive education). The author gives typology of these children based on their differences in special educational needs. Also the problem of the choice of educational rout is discussed, with special emphasis on implementation of Federal state educational standard for children with special needs and widespread inclusive education.
Read article   Keywordsintegration, handicapped children, elementary school, special education, diagnostics, psychophysical development, educational rout, special educational needs

Psychological and pedagogical diagnostics and choice of educational route for children with autism spectrum disorder

O.S. Nikolskaya
The article offers analysis of difficulties of psychological and pedagogical diagnostics of children with autism: choice of educational route can be based only on clinical inference. The problem is that children with different educational needs have the same clinical diagnosis, so the diagnosis is not enough for the choice of the educational route. Methods of psychological diagnostics that allow to define the child's problems, needs and qualify developmental disorders are described.
Read article   Keywordschildren with autism, autism spectrum disorder, educational route, special educational needs

Modern model of inclusion

S.A. Rozenblum, T.J. Hotileva, N.V. Borisova
The article describes existing model of inclusive education of children with special needs (mainly with autism spectrum disorder) at public school. These children are capable to deal with general curriculum in case their special needs are met. Conditions for successful inclusion and benefits for the school are described.
Read article   Keywordsinclusive education, psychological support, behavioral, neuropsychological, individual curriculum, varied learning, emotional-semantic approach

Special learning conditions at the elementary school for children with autism spectrum disorder. Dynamic model of integration

L.V. Shargorodskaya
The article describes special learning conditions for children with autism spectrum disorder at the elementary public school. The conditions are the part of dynamic model of integration. Methods and technologies of meeting special educational needs of these children are described.
Read article   Keywordschildren with autism spectrum disorder, dynamic model of integration, special learning conditions at the elementary school, special educational needs, adapted educational program

Inclusion: how to recognize a child with speech disorders through his writing

E.E. Kitik
The article is about inclusive education of children with speech disorders and aims to help public school teachers to gain an understanding of difficulties these children face in reading and writing. Through understanding of the origin of the mistakes children make the teacher can define his own role in teaching the child and to establish efficient collaboration with a speech-therapist. Special emphasis is made on differentiation of specific mistakes caused by speech disorders and common mistakes of children, who are just learning to write. The article will be useful also for parents of children with speech disorders learning at public school.
Read article   Keywordsinclusion, oral and written speech, general underdevelopment of speech, written speech disorder, dyslexia, dysgraphia, acoustical, articulate, phonetic-phonemic underdevelopment of speech, phonemic analysis and synthesis, phonemic hearing, lexical, optical, grammatical

A blind child and sighted adults: how to communicate

T.P. Kudrina
Nowadays a family, upbringing a blind child, can choose an educational institution for him: a school can be public or specialized. According to Federal state educational standard for elementary general education a blind child can get the general education (variant 3.1) if it is possible to meet his special needs. Public school teachers have to organize the environment and choose proper teaching methods, buy at first they should learn special rules of interaction with a blind child: how to communicate, how to support, how to help, without impeding his own activity and independence. The article contains advice for public school teachers who are going to meet a blind child in their class.
Read article   Keywordseducational institution, special educational needs, blind schoolboy, support, communication