State Policy of the Russian Federation on Health Care and Protection of the Rights of Disabled Children in 1990-2000: On the Dynamics of Priorities / Almanac #44 / Archive / Альманах Института коррекционной педагогики
ALMANAC Institute of Special Education
Almanac #44 "Special education of disabled children: development vectors"

State Policy of the Russian Federation on Health Care and Protection of the Rights of Disabled Children in 1990-2000: On the Dynamics of Priorities

S.B. Lazurenko ISE RAE, Moscow
N.A. Grigoryeva ISE RAE, Moscow

The main directions and priorities of state policy in the Russian Federation to protect the health and rights of children with disabilities over the past twenty years were chosen as the subject of the study.

The authors examine in detail such aspects of the topic as priorities in the sphere of health care and protection of the rights of children with disabilities, and trends in the development of state policy. Particular attention is paid to the problems and results of its reform. It is emphasized that public policy remains the main public mechanism in the definition, categorization and legalization of disability, allows to maintain the possibility of dialogue between generations, providing a balanced combination of traditions and innovations in the understanding of modern social relations in relation to children with disabilities.

The methodological basis of the study consists of the principles of historicism, scientific objectivity, consistency and comprehensiveness, which allow us to study the experience and contemporary problems of forming and implementing state policy of the Russian Federation in the field of health care and protection of the rights of children with disabilities as a complex problem, analyzing the factual material in its entirety and interconnection.

The main conclusions of the conducted study are the specific features of the evolution of the priorities of the state policy of the Russian Federation on health protection and protection of the rights of children with disabilities in the framework of two stages: 1991-2001 and 2001-2020.

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