Inclusion space: museum, theatre, sports, university
Almanac 50 · Issue #4 · 2022
Shaping inclusive museum space for visitors with visual impairments: tactile relief panels as a mean of presenting ornamental decor
The article analyzes a case study of creating tactile relief panels for people with vision loss as an adapted variation of organizing museum space through creating a "blind person – museum value" system. This system takes into account the specifics of cognitive and perceptual learning with vision impairment and contributes to establishing a truly-inclusive museum space. The analysis is carried out in the context of setting social policy on the cultural inclusiveness for people with visual disabilities and is in line with Lev Vygotsky’s argument for the need to find and implement ways for integrating a person with a physical disability into the culture. In the paper, the authors describe a set of panels depicting the Stroganov Palace ornaments (a branch of the Russian Museum, St. Petersburg) and outline the principles of their execution and placement. Taking into account the results of approbation, the authors analyze the methodological aspects and prospects for the further use of such panels in inclusive museum practice.
Shaping inclusive museum space for visitors with visual impairments: tactile relief panels as a mean of presenting ornamental decorpeople with vision impairment
people who are blind
tactile relief panels
learning through touch
Inclusive theatre space as a resource for the development and socialization of hearing impaired persons
The article reveals the role of theater in the development and socialization of people with hearing impairment.
The results of a survey concerning the key problem for the practice of inclusive theater – the willingness of the deaf and hard of hearing to attend the theater together with the hearing are presented. With significant differences in the level of readiness, depending on theatrical preferences and spectator experience, adolescents and young men with hearing impairment have the most comfortable way of perceiving a performance for them is to accompany the theatrical action with a translation into sign language. At the same time, the combination of a repertory performance of a professional theater and translation into Russian sign language makes it possible to solve a difficult task that is set for sign language teachers: to integrate the deaf into the world of hearing.
The results of the implementation of the project THEATER ABROAD, implemented in St. Petersburg, to create conditions for an accessible theatrical environment and provide viewers with hearing impairment with equal opportunities, taking into account their special needs, are presented.
Inclusive theatre space as a resource for the development and socialization of hearing impaired personshearing impaired viewers
deaf adults and children
spoken sign language
calculating sign language
sign language translator
University students: readiness for the implementation of inclusive educational relationships in higher educational institutions
The article introduces the results of a thorough search and ascertaining experiment, aimed at studying the status of student youth in the system of inclusive educational relations in the field of higher education. Based on the results of an online survey of 1047 students from higher educational institutions of Saint-Petersburg and Leningrad region, specializing in various educational programs such as economic and legal, engineering, socio-humanitarian, natural science and psychological –pedagogical curriculum, the following inferences have been stated: it is readily apparent that the position of young students as a primary subject of educational relations at the higher educational institution is not optimal, since the loyalty demonstrated by students towards inclusive university education and co-education with the visually impaired, hearing impaired and disabled due to musculoskeletal disorders is largely declarative and does not have a solid knowledge base as applied to the essential characteristics of inclusive higher education in general, and in relation to the specifics of educational, cognitive and communicative activities of students with disabilities of various nosological groups. In light of the presented information, we can come to an evident conclusion of the necessity to carry out systematic, profound and purposeful work aimed to form an inclusive culture of students without disabilities.
University students: readiness for the implementation of inclusive educational relationships in higher educational institutionsinclusive higher educational institutions
young students (student youth)
inclusive educational relationships
disabled due to musculoskeletal disorders
Inclusive intellectual games as cultural and educational practice: implementation experience and pedagogical potential
This article analyzes the essential characteristics of an inclusive intellectual game as a specific cultural and educational practice in the context of the institutionalization of inclusion in the spheres of culture and education. Based on the experience of organizing inclusive intellectual games with the participation of the visually impaired persons, the key aspects of its methodological support are revealed in relation to sport versions of the games “What? Where? When?" and “Brain Ring”. Their pedagogical potential is believed to be determined by multi-role inclusive interaction within the team. The data shows that this pedagogical potential correlates with the development of a set of evincible socially significant soft-skills among participants, such as: skills for solving complex problems, creativity, coordination and interaction, cognitive flexibility, people management, emotional intelligence, judgment and decision making, time management, etc.
Inclusive intellectual games as cultural and educational practice: implementation experience and pedagogical potentialinclusion
cultural and educational practice
The article reveals the essential features of trail-orienteering as a unique sports discipline, having inclusive nature and allowing persons with disabilities on equal rights to participate in a training process and competitive practice along with athletes without health restrictions. Such main types of trail orienteering as "trail orienteering - precision orienteering", "trail orienteering - sprint" and "trail orienteering - relay race" are presented, in the context of the accumulated practical experience, the organizational and methodical approaches are outlined to persons with disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Special attention is paid to the requirements for tracks and tasks. Also, as a perspective direction of development of this sports discipline, the deployment of the training and competitive process in an online format is determined.
persons with disabilities
Perception of social subjectivity of people with disabilities by students who are future defectologists
Perception of social subjectivity of people with disabilities by students who are future defectologistsspecial (defectological) education