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Children with cochlear implant (CI)

Almanac 55 · Issue #7 · 2024

Almanac 55. Children with cochlear implant (CI)

Assessing the development of communication and speech of a child with CIs after transition to the path of hearing development

Goncharova E.L. , Kukushkina O.I.
This paper describes the assessment of the communication and speech development of a child with CI after his transition to a developmental path typical for a hearing child. Guidelines and tools for interrelated assessment of the communication behavior and verbal means of a rehabilitated child with a CI, as well as the communication behavior and speech of the family environment are presented. The transition from the assessment results to a reasonable formulation of tasks for the development of communication and speech of the child together with the necessary reconstruction of the family communicative situation is shown.
Keywords

Assessing the development of communication and speech of a child with CIs after transition to the path of hearing development

Сommunications behavior
verbal means
special educational needs of a child with a CI
special educational needs of a family of a child with a CI
early age
preschool age
speech therapist
teacher of the deaf.

Auditory behavior of children with cochlear implants of primary school age

Motovilova J.V.
The article highlights the problem of assessing the auditory behavior of children with cochlear implants, as one of the main indicators of the transition to the path of development of a hearing child. A method of pedagogical assessment of the auditory behavior of primary schoolchildren with cochlear implants is presented.
Keywords

Auditory behavior of children with cochlear implants of primary school age

cochlear implantation; children with CI
auditory behavior.

Home-based form of 3R-rehabilitation of families and children with CIs

Oleshova V.
The article describes a new form of organizing 3P-rehabilitation of a family and a child with CI - at home. The specific features of conducting 3P-rehabilitation directly in a family setting are presented
Keywords

Home-based form of 3R-rehabilitation of families and children with CIs

home rehabilitation
emotional interaction
cochlear implantation

Psychological well-being and professional burnout in the context of the specifics of teacher's professional activity

Rean A. , Stavtsev A. , Kuzmin R.
Objective. Comparative analysis of personal characteristics of school teacher of different subject areas in the context of indicators of life satisfaction, self-esteem, self-efficacy, level of professional burnout and the positive-psychological model of "24 personality strengths".
Background. High differentiation of school disciplines actualizes the study of personal traits of teachers who teach it. Finding differences will allow to form relevant and modern supplementary education programs and also can become a basis for career guidance work and personalized education.
Study design. We used the exploratory factor analysis to divide the respondents into subgroups. Significance of differences was established using the Kruskal–Wallis criterion H.
Sample. The multiregional study consists of a sample of 7,946 russian teachers (94% female) aged 18 to 95 years (M = 45.45; SD = 11.48).
Measurements. Russian-language versions of Life satisfaction scale (E. Diener), Self-esteem scale (M. Rosenberg), General Self-efficacy scale (R. Schwarzer, M. Jerusalem), VIA – 24 personality strengths (C. Peterson, M. Seligman), Professional burnout scale (C. Maslach, S. Jackson).
Results. Based on the obtained data, 8 groups of teachers were identified, which have significant differences in all the studied indicators. Teachers of social and humanitarian knowledge area, teachers of mathematically driven knowledge area and foreign language teachers have the highest indicators of professional burnout, as well as the lowest average indicators of life satisfaction. School psychologists and social workers have the highest average indicators of self-efficacy, as well as physical education teachers; school psychologists and social workers have significantly higher average indicators of self-efficacy than teachers in other areas. Physical education teachers are on average more energetic, persistent, and prone to humor; elementary school teachers – socially oriented, kind, impartial, with highly developed levels of strengths such as "forgiveness" and "humility"; teachers of social and humanitarian knowledge area demonstrate the highest average values in the "love of learning", "critical thinking", and "the ability to appreciate beauty".
Keywords

Psychological well-being and professional burnout in the context of the specifics of teacher's professional activity

teachers
strengths and virtues
positive psychology
psychological well- being
life satisfaction
self-esteem
self-efficacy
professional burnout.

Parents' vision of communication with their toddler, useful for development

Semenova A.
The article presents the results of a pilot study of 100 parents' ideas about communication, which, in their opinion, is necessary for the normal speech development of a child at an early age. The vision corresponding to modern scientific ideas about the communicative situation of early childhood development, as well as erroneous ones, playing the role of false guidelines in the upbringing of a young child, are revealed.
Keywords

Parents' vision of communication with their toddler, useful for development

family
interaction
parents
toddler
conditions of development
hearing impairment
speech disorders
learning disabilities

Speech therapists' ideas about cochlear implantation and postoperative rehabilitation

Tabachkova E. , Krasil'nikova O.A.
The article presents the results of a pilot study of the ideas of speech therapist students about a new subject of their professional activity - the family and the child with cochlear implants. The identified perceptions reflect the gap between the expanding practice of cochlear implantation and the content of the professional training of these specialists. A balance is required between cochlear implantation practice and speech-language pathologist training.
Keywords

Speech therapists' ideas about cochlear implantation and postoperative rehabilitation

speech therapy
university education
professional training of speech therapists.
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