Early intervention: key aspects of development
The issue represents main present-day tendencies in development of research and practice in early intervention. The authors discuss development of the age-psychological approach, new conception of the object of development in age psychology and special psychology and subsequent issues, acknowledgement of profound influence of activity and communication on child’s development. The main theses of communicative approach to prevention and overcoming of difficulties in communicative development in toddlers with different special needs are presented. The authors discuss features of interaction of mothers with their two-years-old children with central nervous system damage, volunteers and educators with children with special needs in an orphanage, ways of changing communicative behavior of mothers of blind children and children with Down syndrome. Contribution of nonprofit organizations (including some innovative practices) in early intervention system development in Russia and other countries is discussed.